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The Dutch former Colonies

Thailand ( Siam )

fort, voc, Thailand ,  Siam , Judea,

Judea,-de-old-capital-of-Siam-1663

Ayutthaya (also known Ajodja, Judia or Judea), Factory from 1613 to 1767. From 1630, the highest VOC staff chief. Main products: sappanhout, tin, animal skins and rice.
Patani (Pattani), Factory from 1602 to 1623. Main product: pepper.
Sangora (Songkhla), Factory of 1607 to 1623.
Ligor (Ligoor now Nakhon Si Thammarat), Factory until 1756. Main products: tin, sappanhout, ivory.

Thai history (Siam)

It is obvious that, previous to 1600, the Siam Kingdom has been powerful. The Kingdom ruled over parts of Laos, Cambodia, Burma and the peninsula Malacca.

Already at that time, the King had an international outlook which may be understood from e.g. the treaty with Portuguese since 1511 and the frequent employing of foreigners to the ministerial post of ‘phrakhlang’. For example, Persian, Chinese, Indian and Greek persons hold the post.

The King himself has been in charge of international trade and foreign affairs. Trade has been driven with the Dutch, the British, the French and the Portuguese. Moreover, diplomatic missions have been exchanged with France and with Holland.

Since 1518, the Portuguese had a trading post in Malacca and through that post they possessed an influential military power. Therefore, the King of Siam appreciated the Dutch as a welcome military power, stabilizing the situation. As a sign of this appreciation, the King offered the Dutch a special treatment: a preferencial site for their factorij, known as the Hollandze Logie. The VOC had this Logie, the settlement in Ayutthaya, from 1608 unto1767. This period is longer than any other European nation had in Ayutthaya. Also the VOC got a preferencial trading position, in fact a monopoly.

Though beautiful paintings have been produced concerning Judea by e.g., Alain Mallet, in none of them the Logie has been presented. Nevertheless, sketches of the settlement are available


Hollandze Logie: Rise and fall

After its foundation in 1602, the VOC commenced a fast trading effort towards Asia. In 1604, representatives of the VOC were in the busy harbour of Pattani where some Siamese ambassadors mentioned that the Siamese King wanted to send a mission to China soon. The Dutch wanted eagerly participate in that mission and maybe so getting access to the Chinese emperor and the silk trade

Later-on, diplomatic an trading relations with Siam have been established. As an outcome, Thai diplomats visited Holland, together with the company of an interpreter. They went on audience with King Maurits in The Hague. Maurits received a letter of the King of Siam together with some presents. The ambassadors visited some important VOC-cities such as Amsterdam, Hoorn and Enkhuizen

From time to time, for various reasons not to detail here, the VOC closed the settlement in Ayutthaya, e.g. in 1620. Both the King of Siam and the VOC director (Van Nijenrode) were not happy with that decision. Therefore the King sent a letter to the Prince of Oranje. As a consequence, in 1628, the office has been re-opened and new good relations were a fact. Dutch settlement in Ayutthaya has been closed several other times too: 1705, 1740, 1747.

In the 18th century an end came to both Ayutthaya as capital of the Kingdom of Siam and the Dutch settlement. First, in 1760, there was a Burmese attack on Ayutthaya. It was robbed, burned and destroyed. The VOC office was robbed too. Shortly later, in 1767, another Burmese attack followed. During this attack the VOC buildings burnt down and Ayutthaya destroyed.

As a consequence, the King moved to Thonburi and made this the new capital. Though the King of Siam has requested the Dutch to return to Thailand, to the new capital Thonburi, no trading post have been re-established anymore.

In the years after, the site of the Dutch settlement has frequently been flooded and sediment has been deposited on the remains.

 

View ofSiam-1687

fort, voc, Thailand ,  Siam

Pagode-de-Siam-1687

fort, voc, Thailand ,  Siam

Ayutthaya-1726

fort, voc, Thailand ,  Siam

Island of the coast of thailand 1753

fort, voc, Thailand ,  Siam

The island Condor 1753

 

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