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The Dutch former Colonies

Brittish Gyana

List of Settlements

Ft. Ter Hooge, Huijs Ter Hooge (Essequibo):
Ft. Kijkoveral (Essequibo):
Borsselen Eiland (Borslem Island):
Ephraim Post (Epira):
Forteiland, Vlaggeneiland (Flag Island):
Nieuw Amsterdam 1 (Fort Nassau):
Stabroeck (Georgetown):
Nieuw Amsterdam 2, Krabbeneiland (New Amsterdam):
Aquewayse Post:
Kartabo (Cartabo):
Cayouni Post:
Concordia Post:
Stevenburg Post, Concordia Post aan Canje River (Concordia Post):
Hardenbroek Post (Wikkie Kreek Post):
Huis Nabij:
Post aan Moruka Kreek:
Fort Nassau (Berbice):
Nieuw Middelburg:
Fort Nova Zelandia:
Redoute Samson (Brandwacht):
Fort St. Andries:
Post aan de Wironje Kreek (Post aan de Wiruni Creek):
Redoute bij Wironje Kreek:
Fort Zeelandia (Essequibo):

1598 - The Dutch make their first trip to Guiana.

1621 - Dutch West India Company receives a charter for Essequibo.

1640 - Slaves arrive in the colonies from Africa.

1657 - A small Dutch settlement is established on the Pomeroon River.

1666 - War breaks out between England and Holland.

1763 - The Berbice slave revolution breaks out (at the time when Berbice is a separate Dutch colony). The revolt begins on one estate but soon spreads to others along the Berbice River and is the result of the cruelty with which the Dutch plantation owners have been treating their slaves. It is led by a male slave called Cuffy. The few hundred white settlers are soon overwhelmed, and the uprising will only be put down after the arrival of war ships and with the help of troops as far away as Barbados.

Cuffy will commit suicide 3 months after beginning the uprising. His followers are hunted down for another year until the Dutch authorities are satisfied that the rebellion has been crushed.

1781 - War breaks out between England and Holland. The colonies of Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice are taken by the English.

1782 - Some months later, the French, who are also at war with England (and who are the allies of Holland) under the command of the Marquis de Lusignan (who's name is perpetuated in the plantation of that name) take the three colonies. The French build Fort Dauphin at the mouth of the Demerara and, nearby, begin to build a town, "Longchamps".

1783/4 - (a) The colonies are restored to Holland; (b) Longchamps is chosen as the new colonial capital, later to be called Stabroek;

(c) The Dutch move the seat of government down river to its mouth, where they begin to build the town of Stabroeck in a geometrical "grid iron" system of streets, divided by canals in the manner of their home country;

(d) The Dutch build a series of sluice gates or kokers at points where the canals meet the Demerara estuary. At high tide the kokers (see picture of koker) form a barrier between the Atlantic Ocean and the canals. At high tide they are opened to allow the accumulated water to flow away

1796 - War breaks out again between England and Holland. The colonies are taken by England for a second time.

1802 - At the peace of Amiens, Guiana is returned to the Dutch. English settlers are given three years to wind up their affairs, and then to leave.

1803 - War breaks out again between England and Holland. In September, Hood arrives at the mouth of the Demerara and demands the surrender of the colony. Guiana is handed over without fighting never again to be returned to Holland.


Brittish Gyana


Brittish Gyana

7 Forts

Brittish Gyana, Demerarygh


fort Nassau, Berbice



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