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Formerly Dutch
Still Dutch

The Dutch former Colonies

Central America

Porto Rico San Juan (1625)
Sint Kruis (1625-1650)
Thortolleneiland (Tortola) (1648-1672)
Anegada (16??-1680)
Virgin Gorda (16??-1680)
Anguilla
Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba (Nederlands West-IndiŰ):
Aruba (1636-1805/1815-)
Curašao (1634-1805/1815-)
Bonaire (1633-1805/1815-)
Sint Maarten (Ned.) en St. Martin (Fr.) (1620-1633/ 1644-1648
Sint Eustatius (1636-)
Saba (1620s/1640-1816-)
Trinidad en Tobago: Nieuw Walcheren (Tobago) *Honduras:
Trujillo (1623) Baai-eilanden
Dutch Expansion

After losing most of their colonies in Brazil, the Dutch continued fighting for expansion. One of Curašao's most important governors, Peter Stuyvesant, led an attack against St. Martin in 1644, and the following year he was made governor of New Amsterdam (present-day New York), as well as retaining his position in Curašao.

In 1648, the Dutch and the French decided to split St. Martin, and the two countries control the island to this day. The Dutch kept the important salt areas, for which they had claimed the island originally.

A few years earlier in 1640, the Dutch founded Saba. However, this colony was home to so little agriculture that its people remained predominantly white, without much African slave labor. This was very unique among the Caribbean islands.

Curašao served as the Dutch base for raiding not only the mainland of South and Central America, but Cuba and Puerto Rico. However, it wasn't until after the war with Spain ended in 1648 that Curašao became a profitable colony. The Treaty of Muenster recognized the Dutch colonies, but prohibited trade with Spain.

The Dutch controlled most of the trade in the region, but Curašao's position in the slave trade was also historically important, and the island became a slave depot. Since the Dutch controlled a majority of the region's human trafficking as well as other commerce, Spain eventually turned a blind eye to their colonies' illicit trade with the Dutch.

Although at first the Dutch and the English worked together to wrest control of the Caribbean from Spanish hands, they do not always share the region so easily. Soon, problems between the two come to a head.

 

Dutch Family with Slaves

Dutch Family with Slaves 1725

 

Previous
Formerly Dutch
Still Dutch