The Dukun,Balian in
"Balian" means a healer in Balinese language. Each of them has some
specific capabilities ranging from healing bone injuries and various
physical pains to healing sufferings located on a psychological level.
According to the Balian body and soul are working together and should be
treated all together.
Treatments include special healing massages, meditation, exorcism,
special diets and some things that in the modern world we would consider
as "magic". Well, this is no “magic” but an ancestral knowledge of using
the invisible powers around us. Falling in love is a good example that
we have all experienced: there is often not much to explain about it and
might be considered as "magic", isn't it?
There are many specialisms:Dukun
who cure by inserting golden needlas under the skin,Japa-Curers who rely
on spells,Jampi-Curers who employ herbs and other native medicines (remedies),Siwer,terang,-Specialists
in preventing natural misfortune.(keeping rain away,Tiban-Curers with
temporary powers as a result of being entered by a spirit,Temanten-Wedding
My friend Wayan is very scarred for a doctor,
when he has a toothache, he goes to the Dukun.
That night he sleeps with a lot of special leaves in and around his
next morning he wokes up healthy..
He had a hernia, he told me. ”Now for sure you have to go to a hospital”
I said to him,
”this never heals automaticly”.
In the afternoon he went to a very special Dukun.
That night he sleeps with a lot of special leaves on his belly and he
sips a very special drink.
Next morning he wokes up healthy
and so on and so on....
When you look in the gardens from the silversmiths in Singapadu
you find many medical plants.
For quick search click on the
On the Beach
Barringtonia asiatica ,Fish poison tree ,Putat
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza,the Black
Euphorbia tirucalli,Caustic bush,Patah
Terminalia catappa,Sea almond, Ketapang
Cassia alata,7 Golden
Anacardium occidentale,Cashew, jambu
Ananas comosus,Pine apple,Nanas
Citrus aurantifolia,Lime,Jeruk nipis
Citrus hystrix,Kaffir Lime,Jeruk purut
Eugenia polyantha,Indonesian Bay-Leaf,Daun
Kaempferia galanga,Lesser Galangale,Kencur
Ocimum sanctum,Holy basil,Kemangi
Pandanus amaryllifolius,Pandan leaf,Pandan
Phyllanthus acidus,Star gooseberry,Ceremai
Piper retrofractum,Bali pepper,Cabe jawa
Psidium guajava,Guava,Jambu biji
Spondias pinnata,Hog plum,Kedongdong
Tamarindus indica,Tamarinde tree,Asam
way or in the garden
Acalypha hispida,Red cat tales,,Ekor
Bixa orellana,Lipstick tree,Kesumbar
Catharanthus roseus,Rose periwinkle,Tapak
Clitoria ternatea,Butterfly Pea,Celeng
Cordyline fruticosa,Ti plant,Andong
Costus speciosa,Spiral ginger
Datura innoxia,Devil's trumpet,Kecubung
Ficus benjamina,Banyan tree,Pohon Beringin
Kalanchoe pinnata,Air Plant,Sosor bebek
Gloriosa superba,Tiger’s claws, Kembang
Momordica charantia,Balsam pear,Pare
Morinda Citrifolia,The painkiller
Orthosiphon aristatus,Cat’s wisker’s,Kumis
Pistia stratiotes,Water lettuce,Apu apu
In my book
Farelly’s Tropical Plants I collected 133 medical plants and
they grow mostly all in Bali..
When you know them they are easy to find.
When you walk along the beach in Sanur and you walk a little in the
mangrove to the south you will find:
Barringtonia asiatica ,Fish poison tree ,Putat
leaves are used to treat
stomach ache and rheumatism , the seeds are used to get rid of
Half of the mangrove forest exist of
gymnorrhiza, the Black mangrove, the Tumu.The fruits hang as torpedos
on the tree,when ripe they fall down deep in the mud and starts a new
The bark is used also as an astringent medicine against diarrhoea and
The fruits are sometimes used as an astringent in betel quid when
nothing better is available and they are suitable as an eye medicine,
The beautifull beach tree
inophyllum, Beauty leaf, Camplung.
Every time he bears fruit ,the flying foxes visit my garden in the
night,littering their shit and broken shells from the nuts.Oil seed used
for illumination and medicine, mixed with coconut oil to give tongan oil
for massage. Use as hair tonic/alopecia.Cures scable , kudis. Seed as
analgesic and emetic. Bark used as analgesic, emollient, diuretic,
laxative, emetic, depurative and antispasmodic.
gigantea, Milkweed, Biduri. Is used alone or with other plants to treat
common disease such as fevers, rheumatism, indigestion, cough, cold,
eczema, asthma, elephantiasis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea .
Dried whole plant is a good tonic, expectorant, depurative, and
anthelmintic. The dried root bark is a substitute for ipecacuanha. The
root bark is febrifuge, anthelmintic, depurative, expectorant, and
laxative. The powdered root used in asthama, bronchitis, and dyspepsia.
The leaves are useful in the treatment of paralysis, arthralegia,
swellings, and intermittent fevers. The flowers are bitter, digestive,
astringent, stomachic, anthelmintic, and tonic .
tirucalli, Caustic bush, Patah tulang.The juice is very dangerous for
your skin,special take care for your eyes.
Medical use : Leaves employed as hemostatic and for stomach ache anc
corns. Counters ezcema and scable (kudis).
tiliaceus, Sea hybiscus, Waru, Pucuk laut.
Medical use: Infusion of the wood used for diabetes. Mature leaves,
fruits and shoots used for fever, coughs and bronchitis. Flowers used to
cure headache. Seeds and bark
reputed to be emetic. Leaves for hair care and treatment. Against boils.
Terminalia catappa, Sea
Medical use: Oil is employed medicinally as a substitute for true almond
oil to relieve abdominal inflammations, and, cooked with the leaves, in
treating leprosy, scable and other skin diseases.Leaves have a sudorific
action and are applied to rheumatic joints. Tannin from bark and leaves
used as an astringent in dysentery and thrush. It is also regarded as
diuretic and cardiotonic and is applied externally on skin eruptions. In
the Philippines a decoction of the leaves is employed as a vermifuge.
Seed consumed as laxative.
Cassia alata, 7
Golden candlesticks, Gelenggang.
Traditional medicinal uses: Leaves or sap are used to treat fungal
infections such as ringworm. They contain a fungicide, chrysophanic
acid. Because of its anti-fungal properties, it is a common ingredient
in soaps, shampoos and lotions in the Philippines. The effectiveness of
this plant against skin diseases is confirmed by modern scientific
Other chemicals contained in the plant includes saponin which acts as a
laxative and expels intestinal parasites. In Africa, the boiled leaves
are used to treat high-blood pressure. In South America, besides skin
diseases, it is also used to treat a wide range of ailments from stomach
problems, fever, asthma to snake bite and venereal diseases (syphilis,
Role in the habitat: It is the food plant of some butterflies. The plant
recruits ant bodyguards against these caterpillars. It has "extrafloral
nectaries" near the base of the leaves, that produce sweet nectar to
caseolaris, Mangrove Apple, Perepat.
Reported to be hemostat, crab apple mangrove is a folk remedy for
sprains, swellings, and worms, poultices. Indochinese poultice crushed
leaves with salt onto cuts and bruises. Malayans use old fruit walls for
worms, half-ripe fruits for coughs, and pounded leaves for hematuria and
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On the Pasar
Or you just go to the market ( pasar ) in the morning and look to the
fruits and vegetables that they sell,you will find:
Anacardium occidentale, Cashew, jambu mede, jambu monyet.
Medical use: A tea of leaves and bark to treat diarrhea and colic remedy
for infants. The toxic seed oil as an external worm medicine to kill
botfly larvae under the skin. A wine made from the fruit is used for
The fruit is taken for syphilis and as a diuretic, stimulant, and
aphrodisiac. The leaves and/or the bark is also used for eczema,
psoriasis, scrofula, dyspepsia, genital problems, and venereal diseases,
as well as for impotence, bronchitis, cough, intestinal colic,
leishmaniasis, and syphilis-related skin disorders.
Ananas comosus, Pine
Medicinal Properties of the Pineapple Fruit: It contains micro-nutrients
protects against cancer and this micro-nutrients also break up blood
clots and is beneficial to the heart. It has diuretic properties.
Pineapple juices also kills intestinal worms. It also relieves
intestinal disorders and soothes the bile.It stimulates the kidneys and
aids in removing toxic elements in the body.
It contains a mixture of enzymes called bromelain. Bromelain blocks the
production of kinins that form when there is inflammation.It helps
reduce swelling brought about by arthritis, gout, sore throat and acute
sinusitis. It helps accelerate the healing of wounds due to injury or
bilimbi, Bilimbing, Wuluh.
Medical use: In various ways in traditional medicine (e.g. skin
disorders, fevers). Leaf decoction heals inflammation of the rectum. As
paste it is applied on the affected surface area for mumps, rheumatism
and pimples. Infusion of the flowers relieve coughs and thrush.
Preserved fruit for beri-beri and disorders of the bile and liver.
Leaves, flower, fruit are consumed for stomachache, wounds,
stomatitis,whooping cough, bleeding, gums, acne and hypertension; as
well as antitussive and antidiabetic. Against boils.
carambola, Starfruit, Belimbing.
In various ways in traditional medicine (e.g. skin disorders,
fevers).Crushed leaves or shoots for chicken fox, ringworm, and heaache.
Fruit is laxative, refrigerant, antiscourbic; stimulate appetite,
febrifuge antidysenteric. Infusion, decoction or tincture of crushed
seeds is emmenagogue, lactagogue, abortifacient in large dose. Seeds as
narcotic, emetic, powdered as anodyne in asthma, colic, jaundice.
Counters ringworm. Leaves and flower consumed as antitusive and
febrifuge; for cold. Fruit is ideal for hypertension, diabetes and as
antiparalytic, hemostatic, antiemetic, and diuretic.
aurantifolia, Lime, Jeruk nipis.
Medicinal Uses: Lime juice dispels the irritation and swelling of
In Malaya, the juice is taken as a tonic and to relieve stomach
ailments. Mixed with oil, it is given as a vermifuge. The pickled fruit,
with other substances, is poulticed on the head to allay neuralgia. In
India, the pickled fruit is eaten to relieve indigestion. The juice of
the Mexican lime is regarded as an antiseptic, tonic, an antiscorbutic,
an astringent, and as a diuretic in liver ailments, a digestive
stimulant, a remedy for intestinal hemorrhage and hemorrhoids, heart
palpitations, headache, convulsive cough, rheumatism, arthritis, falling
hair, bad breath, and as a disinfectant for all kinds of ulcers when
applied in a poultice.
The leaves or an infusion of the crushed leaves may be applied to
relieve headache. The leaf decoction is used as eye drops and to bathe a
feverish patient; also as a mouth wash and gargle in cases of sore
throat and thrush.
The root bark serves as a febrifuge, as does the seed kernel, ground and
mixed with lime juice.
Citrus hystrix, Kaffir
Lime, Jeruk purut.
Aromatic baths: Squeeze fruit and juice to gogo (for shampoo) or water
Nausea and fainting: Inhale oil from rind.
Peel is a tonic ingredient; rind used in treatment headache and woms in
Flavor - Squeeze rind to extract oil.
Volatile oil used in perfumery.(actually, the leaf and the leaf-shaped
stem or phyllode) are widely used.
Curcuma domestica, Turmeric, Bangkot.
Medical use: Rhizome used as cholagogue, choleretic, stomachic and
anti-inflammation. Use as common cosmetic. Counters ezcema. and as
funigcidal. Against itchiness. and scable, for wounds. For upset stomach
xanthorrhiza, Temulawak, Temulawak.
The rhizome is used medicinally; it has liver protection properties.
The active ingredients (anti-oxidant and anti-edemic) are the
curcuminoids (e. q. curcumin), encourage bile and prevent the formation
It also has essential oils, cinnamaldehyde and starch / carbohydrate.
The rhizomes have anti - viral and anti - inflammation properties
(Hepatitis B and C).
Used against acne (inhibits bacterial growth); normalize digestion.
It increases breast milk production.
Decreases cholesterol levels in blood and liver.
Cymbopagon, Lemon grass, Sere.
Medical use: Against mosquitoes; as shampoo, perfume; for headaches,
rheumatism, urinary, and stomach problems. Anti-indigestion,
zibethicus, Durian, Durian.
Fruit supposed to restore the health of ailing humans and animals;
according to popular belief, sickness and even death may strike people
who consume durian in conjunction with alcohol. Leaves as bath for
jaundice. Leaves-roots for fever. Fruit as depurative, vermifuge and
polyantha, Indonesian Bay-Leaf, Daun salam.
The dried brown leaves of daun salam are aromatic and somewhat
sour.Medicine: Leaf and bark extracts are used medicinally against
diarrhoea. Pounded leaves, bark and roots are applied as poultices
mangostana, Mangosteen, Manggis.
Medical use : Leaves used as astringent and antipyretic while fruit peel
also as astringent and vermifuge and for dysentery and diarrhea.
Mesocarp in decoction and tablet as anti-colic.
galanga, Lesser Galangale, Kencur.
Medical use: Flower used as corigens odoris, antipyretic,
galactosupresant. Leaves treats ulcer and applied as galactosupresant.
Root cures wounds, and serves as antipyretic. For fractures.
Mangifera indica, Mango, Mangga.
Medical use: Bark has astringent qualities and used for checking
hemorrhages, mucus discharges and diarrhea as well as for treating skin
diseases; leaves used for treating diarrhea, coughs, chest ailments,
skin irritations and dental problems; flowers considered an aphrodisiac;
fruits used to treat scurvy, bleeding dysentery, stomach problems and
cracked skin; seeds as astringent and used against roundworm, hemorrages
and scorpion stings. Also against boils.
Ocimum sanctum, Holy
Medical use: Leaves used as sedative, lactagog, diuretic, emmenagogue,
carminative, laxative and antipyretic. Seed made into emollient while
aerial part as expectorant and diaphoretic.
amaryllifolius, Pandan leaf, Pandan wangi.
Medical use: Pandan is said to be a restorative, deodorant, indolent and
phylatic, promoting a feeling of wellbeing and acting as a counter to
tropical lasstitude. It may be chewed as a breath sweetener or used as a
preservative on foods. It is also said to have flavonoids which are
believed to have a variety of healthful properties, including antiviral,
anti-allergen, antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant.
acidus, Star gooseberry, Ceremai.
The traditional ethnomedical uses are reported as using the extract from
the root to cure skin diseases especially relief from itching. Leaves
are used as one of the ingredients in Thai medicine to control fever..
as a liver tonic in India; the latex obtained from various parts of the
tree is emetic and purgative.
The leaves are used as a demulcent against gonnorrhea.
retrofractum, Bali pepper, Cabe jawa.
Medical use: It is valued for various feverish diseases, including liver
disorders with jaundice, and for migraine headache. In Malaysia it is
used as a postpartum tonic. It is a component of digestive and sudorific
(sleep-inducing) preparations. The roots are chewed for toothache and
the root decoction is used for digestive disorders including stomach
ache. It is included in many tonics, and it is used to disperse liver
Psidium guajava, Guava, Jambu
Medicinal Uses: In the interior of Brazil, a decoction of the bark or of
the roots is employed to treat urinary diseases, diarrhea and dysentery.
In Costa Rica, it is said to reduce varicose veins and ulcers on the
legs. A leaf decoction is taken to relieve colds and bronchitis.
Spondias pinnata, Hog
Medical use: The bark is recommended for stomach ache, dysentery,
rheumatism and swollen joints.
indica, Tamarinde tree, Asam.
The pulp of tamarind is light brownish-red; sweetish acidic and edible.
The fruitpulp is rich in tartaric - and citric acids, high amount of
vitamin C and sugar.
The fruit pulp is used in syrup, juice concentrates and exotic food
specialities like chutney, curries, pickles and meat sauces.
Medical use: It is an ingredient in cardiac - and bloodsugar reducing
Medical actions and uses: cathartic, astringent, febrifuge, antiseptic,
The bark is used for diarrhea. Bathing with an infusion of the boiled
leaves helps against skin disorders, such as scabies.
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When you are just simple
under way or take a look in the garden:
hispida, Red cat tales,, Ekor kucing.
Medical use: Acalypha hispida leaf extracts are used for the treatment
of skin infections.
Bixa orellana, Lipstick
Medical use: The dye contains vitamin C and is an ingredient in making
soap.It has herbal applications as an astringent, as a febrifuge, as an
antidysenteric and as an aphrodisiac.
Brugmansia suaveolens, Trompet flower, Kecubung gunung.
It has been used as a poultice and analgesic for treating bruises and
minor wounds, as skin ulcers, hemorrhoids, and anesthesia for setting
bones. Arthritis, rheumatism.The leaves and flowers have been smoked for
centuries to alleviate athsma and other pulmonary
conditions, and it has been shown by modern research that scopolamine
happens to be an excellent bronchiodilator. Today scopolamine is
commonly used to treat motion sickness.
odorata, Ylang,ylang, Kenanga.
Every balinese has this flower in his hair..
Medical use:Leaves used to soothe skin itch; paste made from fresh
flowers applied for asthma; dried flowers effective for intermittent
fever, stomach disorders and boils. Bark remedies scable, ascites lymph
swelling and as liniment. Flower consumed as aromatic and against
malaria. Seed used externally for fever. In Indonesia cures scable,
kudis. Also for ulcers.
roseus, Rose periwinkle, Tapak dara.
All parts of the plant contain poisonous alkaloids from which drugs of
value in the treatment of leukaemia have been refined.Traditionally,
Catharanthus roseus has been used in folk medicine to treat diabetes and
high blood pressure. As an antidiabetic remedy, it was believed to
promote insulin production or to increase the body's utilization of
sugars from food. It contains vincristine a costly medicin,value US$
ternatea, Butterfly Pea, Celeng.
Medical use: Leaves used to combat ulcer, cough and as depurative while
root serves as purgative and diuretic. Flower cures inflamed eyes.
Against boils and coughs.
Cordyline fruticosa, Ti
The boiled roots were brewed into a potent liquor known as okolehao. The
large, sweet starchy roots were baked and eaten as a dessert. This
versatile plant also had many medicinal uses, either alone or as a
wrapping for other herbs needing to be steamed or boiled. The ti leaves
were wrapped around warm stones to serve as hot packs, used in poultices
and applied to fevered brows. A drink from boiled green ti leaves were
used to aid nerve and muscle relaxation. Steam from boiled young shoots
and leaves made an effective decongestant. The pleasantly fragrant
flowers were also used for asthma and its leaves were used to wrap food
and other items.
Costus speciosa, Spiral ginger.
Medical use :Rhizome serves as expectorant, contraception, laxative,
diuretic, stimulant and aphrodisiac.Stem as poultice for fever and small
pox.Use for hair washing. Low energy; rashes and sweaty skin. Rhizome
decoction/drink as antipruritic.
Datura innoxia, Devil's
Medical use : The whole plant, but especially the leaves and seed, is
anaesthetic, anodyne, antiasthmatic, antispasmodic, antitussive,
bronchodilator, hallucinogenic, hypnotic and mydriatic. It has a wide
range of applications in India, including in the treatment of epilepsy,
hysteria, insanity, heart diseases, fever with catarrh, diarrhoea, skin
diseases etc.. In China it is used in the treatment of asthma. Great
caution is advised since excess doses cause hallucinations, severe
intoxication and death. The toxic dose is very close to the medicinal
dose so this plant should only be used under the guidance of a qualified
practitioner. The plant contains the alkaloids hyoscyamine, hyoscine and
atropine. Atropine dilates the pupils and is used in eye surgery. Total
alkaloid content of the leaves is 0.426%, which is mainly atropine. The
seeds contain 0.426% alkaloids, which is mainly hyoscyamine. The roots
contain 0.35% hyoscyamine.
An extract of the flowers is used as an anaesthetic - 3 - 5g applied
orally produces a general anaesthesia within 5 minutes and lasting 5 - 6
benjamina, Banyan tree,P ohon Beringin.
Medicinal Uses and Properties: It is astringent to bowels; useful in
treatment of biliousness, ulcers, erysipelas, vomiting, vaginal
complains, fever, inflammations, leprosy. Its latex is aphrodisiac,
tonic, vulernary, maturant, lessens inflammations; useful in piles,
nose-diseases, gonorrhea etc. The aerial root is styptic, useful in
syphilis, biliousness, dysentery, inflammation of liver etc.
Kalanchoe pinnata, Air
Plant, Sosor bebek.
Use for abscesses, adenoids(infected), arthritis, athlete's foot, boils,
bronchitis, bubos, burns, calluses, conjunctivitis, corns, coughs,
dermatitis, dermatosis, earaches, eczema, edema, erysipelas, fever,
glaucoma, headache, infections, inflammation, insect stings, intestinal
problems, itch, kidney stones, lymphatic disorders, mouth sores,
nervousness, respiratory infections, rheumatism, scurvy, skin problems,
toothache, tuberculosis, tumor, ulcers, urinary insufficiency, wart,
whooping cough, wounds, and as a sedative
superba, Tiger’s claws, Kembang sumsang.
Medical use: Root employed as tonic, antiperiodic, alterative and
purgative.Counters ezcema., Against itchiness. and counters ringworm. It
also cures scable.
speciosa, Queen’s flower, Bungar.
Medicinal applications: roots are used for stomach problems.
Tea of the leaves is used against diabetes mellitus and for weight loss.
The leaves are able to lower blood sugar due to, among other
phytochemicals -, corosolic acid (triterpenoid glycoside).
It helps the body handling glucose and as such also effective in weight
Michelia champaka, Cempaka.
Medical use: Almost all parts of the plant have medicinal properties,
being used for fever, calming nerves, heart problems, colic, gout,
healing wounds, menstrual problems, childbirth and health tonic. Bark
employed as tonic, astringent, antiperiodic, alterative and febrifuge.
Leaves solves problem on rheumatism, angina and pharyngitis.
An important tree there is the
Morinda Citrifolia, The painkiller tree, pohon Menkudu....
Various parts of the tree (leaves, flowers, fruits, bark, roots) serve
as tonics and to contain fever, to treat eye and skin problems, gum and
throat problems as well as constipation, stomach pain, or respiratory
difficulties,heated noni leaves applied to the chest are believed to
relieve coughs, nausea, or colic.The noni fruit is taken, for asthma,
lumbago, and dysentery. As for external uses, unripe fruits can be
pounded, then mixed with salt and applied to cut or broken bones, ripe
fruits are applied to draw out pus from an infected boil. The green
fruit, leaves and the root/rhizome have traditionally been used to treat
menstrual cramps and irregularities, among other symptoms, while the
root has also been used to treat urinary difficulties.
And so you have hundreds of special plants in the jungle......
charantia, Balsam pear, Pare.
Leaves in capsule form as hypoglycemic. Leaves as emmenagogue, laxative
and antipyretic. Apply for burns. and inflammation, counters dermatitis.
Leaf juice for cough, parasiticide, vulnerary. Juice from green fruit
for colitis and bacillary dysentery. Whole plant for the treatment of
diabetes, emetic, for skin diseases, sterility in women, for chronic
ulcers of the stomach.
aristatus, Cat’s wisker’s, Kumis kucing.
Medical use: Java Tea. This drug occurs in commerce in the form of
small, oval, finely toothed, green leaves, rolled up like tea. It has a
volatile oil and a crystalline glucoside, orthosiphonin, and potassium
salts.It is said to be a powerful diuretic, and is highly recommended in
nephritic colic, gravel, uric acid diathesis, and even ascites.
stratiotes, Water lettuce, Apu apu.
Medical use: Leaves are used in traditional medicine for the treatment
of ringworm infection of the scalp, syphilitic eruptions, skin
infections, boils, and wounds. The oil extract is used in the treatment
of worm infestations, tuberculosis, asthma, and dysentery, and is
applied externally to treat skin diseases, inflammation, piles, ulcers,
syphilitic infections and burns.
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For the other 85 plants
just ask your Dukun....