The Ruddy-breasted Crake (Porzana fusca), or Ruddy Crake, is a waterbird
rail and crake family Rallidae.
Its breeding habitat is swamps and similar wet areas across south Asia
from the Indian subcontinent east to south China, Japan and Indonesia.
It has been recorded as a vagrant from the Australian territory of
Christmas Island. This crake nests in a dry location on the ground in
marsh vegetation, laying 6-9 eggs. It is mainly a permanent resident
throughout its range, but some northern populations migrate further
south in winter.
The Ruddy-breasted Crake is about 22-23 cm long. The body is
flattened laterally to allow easier passage through the reeds or
undergrowth. It has long toes and a short tail. Coloring includes a pale
brown back and chestnut head and under parts, with white barring on the
flanks and under tail. The bill is yellowish, and the eyes, legs, and
feet are red.
The sexes are similar, but juveniles are dark brown with some white
These birds probe in mud or shallow water and also pick up food by
sight. They forage for shoots, berries and insects, as well as large
snails, which they eat by using their bills to peck through the hard
Ruddy-breasted Crakes are territorial, but are quite secretive,
hiding amongst grassy shrubs and bushes when disturbed.