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Bali Impressions-Animals in and around your house or Hotel

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Streptopelia chinensis, Spotted dove, Tekukur

Spotted Doves are the most common dove seen in open areas. They are not shy of humanSpotted dove, Streptopelia chinensis, Tekukurs and when approached, often keep pecking on the ground and fly off only at the last moment. Their Malay name sounds very much like their call.
Spotted Doves eat grass seeds, grains and bits of vegetation. They forage on the ground, on open land (both wild grasslands and cultivated land). Rather terrestrial, they are nevertheless also often seen perching on wires or low trees and palms.
Unlike other doves, they forage alone, or in pairs. When several are attracted to a food rich site, they mingle peacefully. They roost on trees and palms.
Although they may be found at forest edges, they do not venture deep into the forest.
Pigeons and doves do not have well-developed oil glands, which in other birds are used to waterproof their feathers. Instead, they have special plumes scattered throughout their body which disintegrate to produce a powder which cleans and lubricates the feathers.

Breeding: Spotted Doves appear to breed year round. To advertise his nesting site, a male performs a flight display of a steep climb accompanied by loud wing claps followed by a downward swoop in a circular dive.
The Spotted Dove's platform nest is less flimsy than that of other doves, but still flimsy compared to other birds' nests. Made out of twigs, grasses and roots, these are 11-15cm in diameter and shallow, 2-3cm deep. Nests are made in low trees or tall bushes, usually near open ground.
Pigeon's Milk
The most fascinating feature of pigeons and doves is their ability to produce crop milk. During breeding season, special glands in the crops of both males and females enlarge and secrete a thick milky substance. The chicks drink this milk by poking their bills into the parent's throat.
Thus, pigeons and doves can feed their young without having to incessantly hunt or forage for food. Instead of laying many eggs, they lay one or at most two eggs. Their abundance is proof that this feature gives them the advantage.
Nests are usually about 3m off the ground, but heights range from 1 to 14m. Both parents build the nest. 1-2 white eggs are laid. Both parents share incubation duties.
Migration: Spotted Doves don't migrate but they disperse readily to colonise new areas suitable for them such as newly cleared and agricultural land. In Singapore, they are found mainly in open places including gardens, parks, cultivated areas; mangroves, and found even in built-up urban places.

Status and threats: Spotted Doves adapt well to cultivated areas and quickly spread to such places. But they are affected by use of pesticides and herbicides. Popular in bird-singing contests, wild Spotted Doves are often heavily trapped for sale as cage birds. Nevertheless, they are still common and not considered at risk.

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